Studies for Art and Politics in The Arab World
北アフリカー中東地域の主要サイト | Arab Art Sites Mapping in North Africa and Middle East
Melani Cammett, Compassionate Communalism: Welfare and Sectarianism in Lebanon, Cornell University Press, 2014
Unpacking Lebanon's Resilience: Undermining State Institutions and Consolidating the System?
How to lose momentum in five steps: why did Lebanon’s You Stink movement fail?
「You Stink (臭うぞ) 運動」とレバノンの政治的リジリエンス | You Stink Movement and political resilience of Lebanon
パラレル国家の自治主義 | communalism in the parallel state
Readings at a glance
photo: Y. Morioka, 2018
内戦の日々の記憶 | ordinary people's memory of civil war
A illustrated essay ruminating the private memories of civil war state in Beirut through the author's point of view as a non-armed citizen, Bye bye Babylon is a graphic memoir detailing the first 5 years of Lebanon’s civil war, starting from 1975. The author, in 1975, was 7 years old. It is raw and sometimes painful, with some excellent artwork. Ziade does an excellent job of highlighting the complexities of war (and the stupidity of it).
Readings at a glance
Aseel Sawalha, Reconstructing Beirut: Memory and Space in a Postwar Arab City ,
University of Texas Press, 2011.
Once the cosmopolitan center of the Middle East, Beirut was devastated by the civil war that ran from 1975 to 1991, which dislocated many residents, disrupted normal municipal functions, and destroyed the vibrant downtown district. The aftermath of the war was an unstable situation Sawalha considers "a postwar state of emergency," even as the state strove to restore normalcy. This ethnography centers on various groups' responses to Beirut's large, privatized urban-renewal project that unfolded during this turbulent moment.
At the core of the study is the theme of remembering space. The official process of rebuilding the city as a node in the global economy collided with local day-to-day concerns, and all arguments invariably inspired narratives of what happened before and during the war. Sawalha explains how Beirutis invoked their past experiences of specific sites to vie for the power to shape those sites in the future. Rather than focus on a single site, the ethnography crosses multiple urban sites and social groups, to survey varied groups with interests in particular spaces. The book contextualizes these spatial conflicts within the discourses of the city's historical accounts and the much-debated concept of heritage, voiced in academic writing, politics, and journalism. In the afterword, Sawalha links these conflicts to the social and political crises of early twenty-first-century Beirut.
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近現代美術館 | modern/contemprary museum MM ギャラリー | art gallery AG アートセンター | art center AC 古代史博物館 | historical museum AM その他の博物館 | other museums OM
財団・NPO | foundation, NPO FM モニュメント | artistic monument AM パブリック・アート | site of public art PA
Tripoli is an old city in northern Lebanon. It is the largest city in Northern Lebanon, and is Lebanon's second capital, with a population of nearly 530,000 (metro area).
The city's history stretches back to the 7th century BC as a port city. It saw rapid development during the following periods as a Persian and subsequently Hellenic, Roman, Byzantine and eventually Arab city. The latter which would bring it to the forefront of trade, commerce and education throughout the Middle East. Tripoli is therefore considered Lebanon's most ancient city with surviving souks and mosques that were built up to 9 and 10 centuries ago.
In recent times the city has witnessed an unfortunate financial decline due to the shift of wealth southwards towards Beirut. This began towards the start of the 19th century as Beirut moved from Ottoman to the colonial French era. This brought about extensive investment and development to the capital as Tripoli which was formerly a capital of its own state, was negated to becoming the second city in the newly created "Greater Lebanon".
Tripoli's historic status, coupled with a young and dynamic well educated populace has meant that the city continues to be a contender for strong growth and development in Lebanon (given the right investment). The city's unfinished and highly cherished International Fair, built by Oscar Niemeyer during Lebanon's big state days of Fouad Chihab, is testament to a story of what could have been.
source: Wikitravel under Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3.0 licence.